According to a 2011 report from ScienceDaily.com, based on research reported in Reproductive Health, a pill containing a mix of essential fatty acids (EFAs) was shown to significantly reduce the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
PMS symptoms include tension and anxiety, a depressed mood, crying spells, mood swings, irritability, appetite changes, trouble sleeping, social withdrawal and poor concentration, according to the Mayo Clinic.
“The negative effects of PMS on a women’s routine activities and quality of life may be significant, in addition to the repercussions on economic costs resulting predominantly from a reduction in productivity,” said Edilberto Rocha Filho, one of the study’s researchers from Federal University of Pernambuco, in Brazil.
The researchers carried out a randomized, controlled trial in 120 women. They administered 1 or 2 g EFAs to patients with PMS and noticed a significant decrease in symptom scores. Women who were given capsules containing 2 g of a combination of gamma linolenic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, other polyunsaturated acids and vitamin E reported significantly eased PMS symptoms at both three and six months after they began treatment. Further, they reported few adverse events.
“Essential [fatty acids] capsules can now be said to show much promise in treatment,” said Rocha Filho.